Emotion and Ministry, a study in research methodology



Emotional Intelligence, Psychometrics, Research Theory

Author Biography

Nigel David Pegram, Harvest Bible College

Postgraduate Content Developer and Research Fellow


Alavinia, P., & Ahmadzadeh, T. (2012). Toward a Reappraisal of the Bonds between Emotional Intelligence and Burnout. English Language Teaching, 5(4), 37–50. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v5n4p37

Antonakis, J., Ashkanasy, N. M., & Dasborough, M. T. (2009). Does leadership need emotional intelligence? The Leadership Quarterly, 20(2), 247–261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.01.006

Austin, E. J., Dore, T. C. P., & O’Donovan, K. M. (2008). Associations of Personality and Emotional Intelligence with Display Rule Perceptions and Emotional Labour. Personality & Individual Differences, 44(3), 677–686.

Barfoot, D. S. (2007). Antecedents of leader-follower trust in a christian church organization (Doctoral dissertation). Regent University. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/621727897/accountid=12629

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Billard, A., Greer, J. M., Sneck, W., Sheers, N., & Merrick, M. (2005). Relationships between spiritual transcendence and emotional intelligence among older Catholic nuns. In R. L. Piedmont (Ed.), Research in the social scientific study of religion (Vol. 16, pp. 41–61). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.

Boyatzis, R. E., Brizz, T., & Godwin, L. N. (2011). The effect of religious leaders’ emotional and social competencies on improving parish vibrancy. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 18(2), 192–206.

Brackett, M. A., Palomera, R., Mojsa-Kaja, J., Reyes, M. R., & Salovey, P. (2010). Emotion-regulation ability, burnout, and job satisfaction among British secondary-school teachers. Psychology in the Schools, 47(4), 406–417.

Bradberry, T., Greaves, J., & Lencioni, P. M. (2009). Emotional Intelligence 2.0. San Diego, CA: TalentSmart.

Cherry, K. (2016, August 24). What is Emotional Intelligence? Retrieved 16 December 2016, from https://www.verywell.com/what-is-emotional-intelligence-2795423

Côté, S., & Golden, B. R. (2006). Emotional Intelligence and Managerial Burnout. In Exploring the role of emotion in leadership. G. A. van Kleef, A C. Homan, & N. M. Ashkanasy (chairs), meeting of the Academy of Management, Atlanta, GA.

Davis, K., Christodoulou, J. A., Seider, S., & Gardner, H. (2011). The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. In R. J. Sternberg & S. B. Kaufman (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence (pp. 485–503). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Derksen, J., Kramer, I., & Katzko, M. (2002). Does a self-report measure for emotional intelligence assess something different than general intelligence? Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 37–48.

Ekermans, G. (2010). Emotional Intelligence Across Cultures: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations. In C. Stough, D. H. Saklofske, & J. D. A. Parker (Eds.), Assessing Emotional Intelligence: Theory, Research, and Applications (pp. 259–290). Boston, MA: Springer.

Fiori, M., & Antonakis, J. (2011). The Ability Model of Emotional Intelligence: Searching for Valid Measures. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(3), 329–334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2010.10.010

Francis, L. J., Ryland, A., & Robbins, M. (2011). Emotional Intelligence Among Church Leaders: Applying the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale within Newfrontiers. In S. Boag & N. Tiliopoulos (Eds.), Personality and Individual Differences : Theory, Assessment, and Application. (pp. 141–149). New York: Nova Science. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xww&AN=367751&site=ehost-live

Gambill, C. R. (2008). Emotional Intelligence And Conflict Management Style Among Christian Clergy. Capella University. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/621733529?accountid=12629

Gardner, H. (2011). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic.

Ginsberg, R. (2008). Being Boss Is Hard:The Emotional Side of Being in Charge. Phi Delta Kappan, 90(4), 292–297.

Goleman, D. (2006). Emotional Intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. New York: Bantam.

Hagiya, G. J. (2011). Significant Traits, Characteristics, and Qualities of High Effective United Methodist Church Clergy (D.Ed.). Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology.

Hendron, J. A., Irving, P., & Taylor, B. J. (2014). The emotionally intelligent ministry: why it matters. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 17(5), 470. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2013.848424

Higley, W. J. (2007). The Relationship Between the Lead Pastor’s Emotional Intelligence and Pastoral Leadership Team Effectiveness. Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/304805370?accountid=12629

Johnson, C. D. (2005). Emotional Intelligence: The Core of the Church Leader for Missional Living in the Emerging Culture. George Fox Evangelical Seminary. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/305380054?accountid=12629

Jones, L. C. (2010). You Must Change Your Life: A Narrative and Theological Inquiry into the Experiences of Transformative Learning in Clinical Pastoral Education Students. Adult and Community College Education, Raleigh, North Carolina. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/881456130?accountid=12629

Kanne, D. W. (2005). Emotional Intelligence and the Transformational Learning Journey of 30 Senior Pastors who Participated in LEAD. Regent University.

Law, K. S., Wong, C.-S., & Song, L. J. (2004). The Construct and Criterion Validity of Emotional Intelligence and its Potential Utility for Management Studies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(3), 483–496. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.89.3.483

MacCann, C. (2010). Further Examination of Emotional Intelligence as a Standard Intelligence: A Latent Variable Analysis of Fluid Intelligence, Crystallized Intelligence, and Emotional Intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(5), 490–496. https://doi.org/http://find.galegroup.com/gtx/RedirectAction.do?prodId=PPPC&URL=http%3A%2F%2Fdx.doi.org%2F10.1016/j.paid.2010.05.010

MacCann, C., & Roberts, R. D. (2008). New Paradigms for Assessing Emotional Intelligence: Theory and Data. Emotion, 8(4), 540–551.

Mandal, M. K., Shanwal, V. K., & Emmerling, R. J. (2008). Emotional Intelligence : Theoretical and Cultural Perspectives. Nova Science. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xww&AN=333766&site=ehost-live

Matthews, G., Zeidner, M., & Roberts, R. D. (2004). Emotional Intelligence: Science and Myth. Cambridge MA: MIT.

Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D. R., & Salovey, P. (1999). Emotional Intelligence Meets Traditional Standards for an Intelligence. Intelligence, 27(4), 267–298.

Miller-Clarkson, J. (2013). Examining the Relationships of Emotional Intelligence and Performance-Based Self-Esteem with Burnout among Pastors. Walden University. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/1399591397?accountid=12629

Oney, R. M. (2010). Exploring the Causal Relationship of Emotional Intelligence to Clergy Leadership Effectiveness. Regent University. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/755397465?accountid=12629

Orchard, B., MacCann, C., Schulze, R., Matthews, G., Zeidner, M., & Roberts, R. D. (2010). New Directions and Alternative Approaches to the Measurement of Emotional Intelligence. In C. Stough, D. H. Saklofske, & J. D. A. Parker (Eds.), Assessing Emotional Intelligence: Theory, Research, and Applications (pp. 321–344). Boston: Springer.

Paek, E. (2006). Religiosity and Perceived Emotional Intelligence Among Christians. Personality and Individual Differences, 41(3), 479–490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.01.016

Palser, S. J. (2005). The Relationship Between Occupational Burnout and Emotional Intelligence Among Clergy or Professional Ministry Workers (Ph.D.). Walden University.

Petrides, K. V. (2011). Ability and Trait Emotional Intelligence. In T. Chamorro-Premuzic, A. Furnham, & S. von Stumm (Eds.), The Blackwell-Wiley Handbook of Individual Differences (pp. 656–678). New York: Wiley.

Petrides, K. V., Pita, R., & Kokkinaki, F. (2007). The Location of Trait Emotional Intelligence in Personality Factor Space. British Journal of Psychology, 98(2), 273–289.

Puls, T. R., Ludden, L. L., & Freemyer, J. (2014). Authentic Leadership and Its Relationship to Ministerial Effectiveness. The Journal of Applied Christian Leadership, 8(1), 55–75.

Rajah, R., Song, Z., & Arvey, R. D. (2011). Emotionality and Leadership: Taking Stock of The Past Decade of Research. Leadership Quarterly, 22(6), 1107–1119.

Randall, K. J. (2013). Emotional Intelligence: What is it, and do Anglican Clergy have it? Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2013.796916

Rivera, J. J. (2012). An Exploration of Emotional Intelligence and its Relationship to Catholic Clergy in The Archdiocese of Agaña, Guam (Ph.D.). Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/1024140296?accountid=12629

Rogalsky, D. (2012). Leaders Counselled to be Emotionally Smart. Canadian Mennonite, 16(6), 19.

Rosete, D., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Emotional intelligence and its relationship to workplace performance outcomes of leadership effectiveness. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 26(5), 388–399.

Roth, J. (2011). The Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Pastor Leadership in Turnaround Churches. Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/913502336?accountid=12629

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Samples, G. M. (2009). Emotional Intelligence and Academic Success Among Bible College Students. Regent University. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.prospero.murdoch.edu.au/docview/305136243?accountid=12629

Scazzero, P., & Bird, W. (2003). The emotionally healthy church: a strategy for discipleship that actually changes lives. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Schmidt, M. J. (2010). Is There a Place for Emotions within Leadership Preparation Programmes? Journal of Educational Administration, 48(5), 626–641.

Sharma, S., Gangopadhyay, M., Austin, E., & Mandal, M. K. (2013). Development and Validation of a Situational Judgment Test of Emotional Intelligence. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 21(1), 57–73. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsa.12017

Smit, G. H. (2015). Pastoral ministry in a missional age: Towards a practical theological understanding of missional pastoral care. Verbum et Ecclesia, 36(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v36i1.1382

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Sunindijo, R. Y., Hadikusumo, B. H. W., & Ogunlana, S. (2007). Emotional Intelligence and Leadership Styles in Construction Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 23(4), 166–170.

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Wagner, S. L., & Martin, C. A. (2012). Can Firefighters’ Mental Health be Predicted by Emotional Intelligence and Proactive Coping? Journal of Loss and Trauma, 17(1), 56–72.

Zeidner, M., Matthews, G., & Roberts, R. D. (2009). What we Know About Emotional Intelligence: How it Affects Learning, Work, Relationships, and our Mental Health. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.






Peer Reviewed Articles